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Integral World: Exploring Theories of Everything
An independent forum for a critical discussion of the integral philosophy of Ken Wilber
Frank Visser, graduated as a psychologist of culture and religion, founded IntegralWorld in 1997. He worked as production manager for various publishing houses and as service manager for various internet companies and lives in Amsterdam. Books: Ken Wilber: Thought as Passion (SUNY, 2003), and The Corona Conspiracy: Combatting Disinformation about the Coronavirus (Kindle, 2020).
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The Downing of Flight MH17
A Summary of the Evidence
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The tragic incident of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17, which crashed in eastern Ukraine on July 17, 2014, sparked international outrage and necessitated a comprehensive investigation into the cause of the disaster. The Joint Investigation Team (JIT), consisting of representatives from the Netherlands, Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, and Ukraine, meticulously examined the available evidence to unravel the truth behind the downing of the aircraft. This summary aims to provide a detailed account of the evidence and findings that emerged from the investigation.
The crash site was meticulously analyzed, with experts examining the wreckage and debris to reconstruct the aircraft and identify possible signs of external damage. This analysis involved assessing the pattern of the impact, studying shrapnel damage, and recovering the flight data recorders and cockpit voice recorder, commonly referred to as the black boxes. The examination of the physical evidence played a crucial role in establishing the cause of the crash.
Autopsy and Forensic Evidence:
The remains of the victims were recovered and subjected to thorough examination. Autopsies were conducted to determine the cause and nature of their injuries. X-rays and DNA samples were collected for identification purposes. The forensic analysis of the victims' remains contributed to the understanding of the destructive force that led to the aircraft's demise.
Radar and Air Traffic Control Data:
Radar data and air traffic control communications were scrutinized to track the flight path of MH17 and identify any other aircraft in the vicinity. This information was vital in establishing the precise position of the aircraft at the time of the incident and helped rule out the possibility of a collision with another aircraft as the cause of the crash.
The JIT extensively interviewed witnesses in the area to gather their observations and firsthand accounts of the event. These witnesses included local residents, aviation enthusiasts, and individuals involved in the conflict. Their testimonies provided valuable insights into the events surrounding the downing of MH17 and contributed to the overall understanding of the incident.
Satellite imagery was analyzed to gather information about the area before and after the incident. Images were scrutinized for signs of missile launches, smoke trails, or any other relevant evidence. The examination of satellite imagery aided in corroborating other lines of evidence and establishing the broader context of the incident.
The examination of missile fragments or parts found at the crash site was a crucial aspect of the investigation. Forensic analysis helped identify the type of missile used in the attack. Characteristics of the missile, such as its origin, manufacturer, and technical specifications, were examined to ascertain who may have been responsible for the downing of MH17.
Findings of the JIT Investigation:
Based on the cumulative evidence gathered, the JIT concluded that Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 was shot down by a Buk surface-to-air missile system. The missile launch originated from an area in eastern Ukraine under the control of pro-Russian separatist forces. The JIT identified four individuals as prime suspects in the case: Igor Girkin (Strelkov), Sergey Dubinsky, Oleg Pulatov, and Leonid Kharchenko. These individuals were allegedly high-ranking members of the separatist forces at the time of the incident.
The investigation further revealed that the Buk missile system was transported from Russia into Ukraine and subsequently returned to Russia following the attack. While the JIT investigation did not directly accuse the Russian state of launching the missile or ordering the attack, it found evidence suggesting the involvement of the Russian Federation in facilitating the missile's transfer and subsequent concealment.
The evidence gathered and analyzed by the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) provides a comprehensive understanding of the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17. The examination of physical evidence, forensic analysis, witness testimonies, radar and air traffic control data, satellite imagery, and missile fragments collectively support the conclusion that the aircraft was intentionally shot down by a Buk surface-to-air missile system. The involvement of pro-Russian separatist forces in eastern Ukraine was established, and four individuals were identified as prime suspects. While the investigation remains ongoing, the available evidence and findings from the JIT provide valuable insights into this tragic event, shedding light on the circumstances surrounding the downing of MH17 and the quest for accountability.
Have the prime suspects and their superiors been brought to trial?
As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, no trials have taken place specifically related to the downing of Flight MH17. However, progress has been made in identifying the prime suspects and holding them accountable.
The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) named four individuals as prime suspects in the case: Igor Girkin (also known as Strelkov), Sergey Dubinsky, Oleg Pulatov, and Leonid Kharchenko. These individuals were allegedly high-ranking members of the separatist forces in eastern Ukraine at the time of the incident.
The JIT issued international arrest warrants for these suspects in June 2019. While the suspects are believed to be in Russia, which does not extradite its citizens, the arrest warrants serve as a means to hold them accountable if they were to travel to countries that cooperate with the JIT.
In addition to identifying the prime suspects, the JIT concluded that the downing of Flight MH17 was facilitated by the Russian Federation. The investigation found that the Buk missile system used to shoot down the aircraft was brought into Ukraine from Russia and then returned afterward. However, the JIT did not directly accuse the Russian state of launching the missile or ordering the attack.
Efforts to establish a tribunal specifically for the MH17 case at the United Nations Security Council were vetoed by Russia in 2015. In response, the countries involved in the investigation—Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, the Netherlands, and Ukraine—established the International Criminal Court (ICC) mechanism to prosecute those responsible for the incident.
The ICC mechanism is designed to facilitate national prosecutions rather than conducting trials itself. It allows for sharing information, evidence, and legal assistance among the countries involved. It remains to be seen when and where the prime suspects will be brought to trial, as it depends on various factors, including the willingness of countries to cooperate and the evolving developments in the investigation.
Please note that the situation may have progressed since my knowledge cutoff, and it would be advisable to consult up-to-date sources for the latest information on the legal proceedings related to Flight MH17.
Is there any evidence that the downing of Flight MH17 was an accident and caused by human error?
Based on the investigation conducted by the Joint Investigation Team (JIT), there is no evidence to suggest that the downing of Flight MH17 was an accident caused by human error. The JIT's findings indicate that the aircraft was intentionally shot down by a Buk surface-to-air missile system, which was launched from a field in territory controlled by pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine.
The JIT's investigation, which involved analyzing various sources of evidence such as radar data, witness testimonies, intercepted communications, satellite imagery, and forensic analysis of the wreckage, consistently pointed to the conclusion that the missile strike was deliberate.
The missile system used in the attack was determined to have been brought into Ukraine from Russia and then returned afterward. The investigation also identified four individuals as prime suspects, allegedly high-ranking members of the separatist forces in eastern Ukraine at the time.
It is important to note that the JIT's findings were based on an extensive and thorough investigation, and they have been widely supported by the international community. While alternative theories have been proposed, the evidence provided by the JIT and its international partners strongly supports the conclusion that the downing of Flight MH17 was not an accidental occurrence caused by human error.
What I mean is: did the perpetrators perhaps mistook the plane for a militarty aircraft?
The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) did not find evidence to support the theory that the perpetrators mistook Flight MH17 for a military aircraft. The investigation concluded that the downing of the plane was a deliberate act, not an accident caused by mistaken identity.
The JIT's findings indicated that the missile used to shoot down MH17 was a Buk surface-to-air missile system, which requires specialized training and equipment to operate. The investigation examined various types of evidence, including radar data, witness testimonies, forensic analysis of the wreckage, and intercepted communications, to reconstruct the events leading to the downing of the aircraft.
The JIT's investigation did not indicate any indication of a mistaken identity scenario. It concluded that the missile was intentionally launched at the civilian aircraft, indicating that the perpetrators were aware of the nature of the target.
It is important to emphasize that the JIT's findings were based on a comprehensive investigation, and they have been widely accepted by the international community. While alternative theories or claims may exist, the evidence presented by the JIT points to a deliberate act rather than a case of mistaken identity.
Wikipedia reports: 'On the evening of the crash, the LifeNews portal reported that at around 16:00 local time the separatists shot down "Ukrainian Air Force An-26 transport plane" with a missile, calling it "a new victory for the Donetsk militia". The news was immediately picked up and disseminated by many other news websites and the Russia-24 TV channel. Around the same time Leonid Kharchenko, who was responsible for the Buk launcher convoy through DPR, reported to his commander Sergei Dubinsky that the launcher is "on the spot and has already downed one" Ukrainian ground-attack airplane. Shortly after it became evident that it was a civilian aircraft which had been shot down, the separatist media denied any responsibility and denied having anti-aircraft missiles capable of reaching the cruising altitude of commercial traffic.'
The initial reports and reactions from separatist-controlled media and sources should be viewed within the context of the chaotic and fluid situation that followed the downing of Flight MH17. In the immediate aftermath of the crash, there was confusion and conflicting information circulating from various sources.
It is true that some media outlets, including the LifeNews portal and Russia-24 TV channel, initially reported that a Ukrainian military aircraft had been shot down by separatists. This information was likely based on the available information at the time, which may have been inaccurate or incomplete. In situations of crisis, initial reports can often be unreliable or subject to misinterpretation.
However, as the facts of the incident became clearer and international investigations progressed, it became evident that a civilian aircraft, MH17, had been shot down. The subsequent denial of responsibility by separatist media and their claims of lacking the capability to reach the altitude of commercial aircraft can be seen as attempts to distance themselves from the tragedy and avoid accountability.
It is worth noting that the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) conducted a thorough investigation into the downing of Flight MH17, analyzing a wide range of evidence from multiple sources. The JIT's findings strongly support the conclusion that the aircraft was shot down by a Buk surface-to-air missile system and that the pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine were responsible.
While initial reports and denials may have caused confusion, the comprehensive investigation by the JIT and subsequent international consensus have solidified the understanding that a civilian aircraft was tragically brought down by a deliberate act.
What theories have been offered by dissidents that conflict with this JIT report?
While the majority of the international community, investigative bodies, and governments have supported the findings of the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) regarding the downing of Flight MH17, there have been alternative theories proposed by various sources, including dissidents, conspiracy theorists, and some media outlets. It is important to note that these alternative theories often lack substantial evidence and are not widely accepted. Here are a few examples:
Alternative perpetrator theories:
Some alternative theories suggest that entities other than the pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine were responsible for shooting down MH17. These theories propose involvement by Ukrainian government forces, Ukrainian far-right groups, or Western intelligence agencies. However, these theories have not been supported by credible evidence and are generally considered to be unfounded.
False flag operation:
This theory suggests that the downing of MH17 was a deliberate act orchestrated by a third party with the intention of framing Russia or the separatists. Proponents of this theory argue that the incident was used as a pretext to impose sanctions on Russia or to escalate the conflict in Ukraine. However, there is no substantial evidence to support such claims, and the JIT investigation has consistently pointed to the involvement of pro-Russian separatists.
Some theories propose that the crash of MH17 was due to a technical malfunction or structural failure within the aircraft rather than a deliberate attack. These theories often rely on limited or selective interpretation of available evidence and contradict the findings of the JIT, which extensively investigated the wreckage, missile fragments, and other forensic evidence.
It is important to approach these alternative theories with caution, as they often lack credible evidence and are inconsistent with the comprehensive investigation conducted by the JIT. The JIT's findings, based on extensive analysis of physical evidence, witness testimonies, radar data, and other sources, have been supported by multiple countries and international organizations.
It is worth noting that the JIT investigation remains ongoing, and any new evidence or developments may be subject to future updates.
What repercussions did this event have for Putin's and Russia's reputation in the world?
The downing of Flight MH17 had significant repercussions for Putin's and Russia's reputation in the world. The event brought international attention to the conflict in Ukraine and raised serious concerns about Russia's involvement in the region. Here are some key repercussions:
The downing of MH17 triggered widespread condemnation from the international community. Governments, organizations, and public figures expressed shock and outrage over the tragedy, leading to increased scrutiny of Russia's role in the conflict.
Sanctions and Isolation:
In response to the incident, several countries imposed sanctions on Russia. These sanctions targeted individuals, entities, and sectors of the Russian economy, aiming to hold Russia accountable for its alleged involvement in the conflict and the downing of the aircraft. The incident contributed to Russia's increasing isolation on the international stage.
Deterioration of Relations:
The downing of MH17 exacerbated tensions between Russia and Western countries. It further strained diplomatic relations and contributed to a deterioration of trust between Russia and other nations involved in the investigation. The incident highlighted the deep divisions and differing perspectives on the conflict in Ukraine.
Credibility and Trust Concerns:
The event raised concerns about Russia's credibility and trustworthiness on the global stage. The JIT's findings, which pointed to Russia's involvement in facilitating the transfer of the Buk missile system, fueled skepticism and damaged Russia's reputation as a responsible actor in international affairs.
Media and Public Perception:
The incident received extensive media coverage worldwide, leading to heightened public awareness of the conflict and Russia's alleged involvement. The downing of a civilian airliner created a strong negative perception of Russia's actions and accountability, further damaging its reputation in the eyes of the global public.
International Investigation and Accountability:
The downing of MH17 underscored the importance of international investigations and accountability for such incidents. The establishment of the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) and its ongoing efforts to bring the responsible individuals to justice helped shape international expectations regarding transparency, cooperation, and the pursuit of justice in similar cases.
It is crucial to note that opinions on these repercussions vary depending on different perspectives and geopolitical interests. However, the downing of Flight MH17 undoubtedly had a substantial impact on Putin's and Russia's reputation, leading to increased scrutiny, condemnation, and diplomatic challenges on the international stage.
What impact did this event have on the already tense situation in the Donbas area of Ukraine?
The downing of Flight MH17 had a significant impact on the already tense situation in the Donbas area of Ukraine, where the conflict between Ukrainian government forces and pro-Russian separatist groups was ongoing. Here are some key impacts:
Escalation of International Attention:
The incident brought heightened international attention to the conflict in Donbas. The tragedy exposed the conflict's consequences and increased global awareness of the situation, leading to intensified diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis.
Increased Focus on Accountability:
The downing of MH17 raised expectations for accountability for the incident. The international community called for a thorough investigation and justice for the victims, putting additional pressure on both Ukraine and the separatist groups to cooperate with investigations and address concerns about their roles in the conflict.
Accusations and Blame Game:
The incident resulted in a blame game between Ukraine and Russia, each accusing the other of responsibility. The downing of MH17 further deepened mutual distrust and hostility between the parties, hindering prospects for peace negotiations and exacerbating the existing tensions.
Public Opinion Shifts:
The downing of a civilian airliner resulted in a significant shift in public opinion both within Ukraine and internationally. The tragedy highlighted the devastating consequences of the conflict and intensified public sympathy for the victims and the Ukrainian government, while casting a negative light on the separatist groups and their alleged backers.
The incident drew attention to the humanitarian situation in the Donbas region. The international community became more aware of the suffering and displacement of civilians, leading to increased humanitarian aid efforts and calls for the protection of civilians caught in the conflict.
International Diplomatic Pressure:
The downing of MH17 added to the international pressure on Russia and Ukraine to seek a peaceful resolution to the conflict. Governments and organizations worldwide, driven by concerns over the safety of civilian air travel and the destabilizing impact of the conflict, increased their diplomatic efforts to find a negotiated settlement and mitigate further escalation.
t is important to note that while the incident intensified certain aspects of the conflict, the overall situation in the Donbas region remained complex and multifaceted, with a range of factors impacting the dynamics on the ground. The downing of Flight MH17, however, contributed to an increased international focus on the conflict and efforts to address its underlying causes and find a path towards a peaceful resolution.
 "Malaysia Airlines Flight 17", Wikipedia
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