INTEGRAL WORLD: EXPLORING THEORIES OF EVERYTHING
An independent forum for a critical discussion of the integral philosophy of Ken Wilber
Publication dates of essays (month/year) can be found under "Essays".
Frank Visser, a psychologist of religion, founded IntegralWorld.net in 1997 (back then under the name of “The World of Ken Wilber”). He worked as production manager for various publishing houses and as service manager for various internet companies and lives in Amsterdam. He is the author of the first monograph on Ken Wilber and his work: “Ken Wilber: Thought as Passion” (SUNY Press, 2003), which has been translated into 7 languages, and of many essays on this website.
Jesus and Mo About Evolution
Just How Is Ken's View on Evolution Different?
Calculations done by scientists from Fred Hoyle to F.B. Salisbury consistently show that twelve billion years isn't enough to produce even a single enzyme by chance.
In other words, something other than chance is pushing the universe. For traditional scientists, chance was their god. Chance would explain it all. Chance—plus unending time—would produce the universe. But they don't have unending time, and so their god fails them miserably. That god is dead. Chance is not what explains the universe; in fact, chance is what that universe is laboring mightily to overcome. Chance is exactly what the self-transcending drive of the Kosmos overcomes.
Sex, Ecology, Spirituality: The Spirit of Evolution, 1996, p. 26
Frank Visser, The 'Spirit of Evolution' Reconsidered: Relating Ken Wilber's view of spiritual evolution to the current evolution debates, www.integralworld.net
Frank Visser, Integral Theory and the 'Big History' Approach: A Comparative Introduction, www.integralworld.net
Frank Visser, Entropy and Evolution: Ken Wilber's arguments for "an infinitely powerful force" behind evolution debunked, www.integralworld.net
Frank Visser, Only a Theory or The Only Theory? Controversies Around the Theory of Evolution, www.integralworld.net