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INTEGRAL WORLD: EXPLORING THEORIES OF EVERYTHING
An independent forum for a critical discussion of the integral philosophy of Ken Wilber
Publication dates of essays (month/year) can be found under "Essays".
Schools of postmodernism
Modernity has naively believed in the stage conception, putting itself at the summit of human development, and measuring all "backward" cultures by that level.
Postmodernity has rejected that approach as etnocentric, and declared all cultures as valuable in their own right.
This has led to the dead end of pluralism and relativism, without any way to evaluate cultural expressions, culminating in extreme postmodernism or Boomeritis.
"All we can do, is gaze in wonderment at the diversity of discursive species, just as we do at the diversity of plant and animal species."
However, even evolutionary biology does not stop with diversity, it only begins there; it tries to find out how these different species connect in space and time.
Constructive postmodernism or integralism starts with the tolerance of pluralism, so that all relevant views and sources are taken into account, but then proceeds with trying to find the hidden patterns that connect these views.
Integralism avoids the pitfalls of modernist progressivism, by including sources from all of the worlds cultures and religions into the picture. It is a developmental (organic), genealogical school of postmodernism.
To distinguish it from the often "deconstructive" postmodernism, it is called "constructive".
In one of the online "sidebars" to Boomeritis (Shambhala, 2002), Wilber has given a map of the theoretical positions involved in this issue:
Source: Ken Wilber,
Sidebar A: Who Ate Captain Cook? Integral Historiography in a Postmodern Age
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