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Integral World: Exploring Theories of Everything
An independent forum for a critical discussion of the integral philosophy of Ken Wilber
David Christopher Lane, Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, Mt. San Antonio College Lecturer in Religious Studies, California State University, Long Beach Author of Exposing Cults: When the Skeptical Mind Confronts the Mystical (New York and London: Garland Publishers, 1994) and The Radhasoami Tradition: A Critical History of Guru Succession (New York and London: Garland Publishers, 1992).
The Voyage of Unknowing
I first encountered the mystical logic of Nicholas of Cusa when I read S.L. Frank’s magnificent (and underappreciated) volume, The Unknowable. I was both mesmerized and haunted by Cusa’s koan-like summation of his philosophy when he wrote, “The Unattainable is Attained by its Unattainment.” As Socrates and other mystic-philosophers before him, Nicholas of Cusa had realized through mathematics and geometry that infinity cannot be comprehended by that which is finite. Thus what is the best way to “know” that which exceeds us? By being profoundly learned in our own ignorance and understanding that “unknowingness” is the only pathway before us. This volume contains two elemental writings from Nicholas of Cusa: Dialogue on the Hidden God and key excerpts from On Learned Ignorance. Both of these readings deserve a very close reading, since Cusa wrote in a compacted, yet deeply pregnant, fashion, providing an intellectual landscape of precious jewels of inquiry. I have now read Nicholas of Cusa for nearly four decades and each time I find something new to contemplate.
We have bookended Cusa’s two selections with essays that were deeply influenced by his thinking. The first is entitled The Mystical Dimension and demonstrates that even as science progresses over time, there will still remain a Mystery given the limits of our cranial capacities and given the parameters of the universe’s spatial and time specific dimensions. The second essay, The Cerebral Mirage, is by Professor Andrea Diem and touches upon neuroscience and evolution, illustrating how easy it is for us to be deceived not only by others but also by the very make-up of our neurology. In this regard, we must be keenly aware not to confuse our present brain state (and what it conveys via its filtration system) with absolute reality. Simply put, don’t confuse map-making with the actual territory itself. The former is a navigating and useful tool but as such can only lead so far. Nicholas of Cusa is perhaps the most radical thinker to remain within the Roman Catholic Church and not get excommunicated. It is surprising that he was not regarded as a heretic for his revolutionary ideas. As Giordano Bruno commented about him, “Had [he] not been hindered by his priest's vestment, he would have even been greater than Pythagoras!”
We have also made two short movies on Nicholas of Cusa’s thought—On Learned Ignorance and Geometric Philosophy—which are available on the Neuralsurfer Vision YouTube channel. This is but a small appetizer on Nicholas of Cusa’s ideas and we recommend a fuller course by reading the following suggested books: 1. Nicholas of Cusa on Learned Ignorance: A Translation and an Appraisal of De Docta Ignorantia by Jasper Hopkins. 2. Nicholas of Cusa: Selected Spiritual Writings (Classics of Western Spirituality) by H. Lawrence Bond. 3. The Unknowable by S.L. Frank
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